Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) situation report of Japan, update 27
December 25, 2009
According to the National Epidemiological Surveillance for Infectious Diseases
in Japan, the numbers of reported cases of the Influenza like Illness (ILI)
have decreased in the 51th epidemiological week (December 14-20, 2009)
(Figure 1). The number of cases reported per sentinel* in Japan was 22.44,
which has decreased for three consecutive weeks. Based on this number,
newly diagnosed ILI patients during this week are estimated to be approximately
1.07 million nationwide.
Figure 1. Weekly Influenza cases reported per sentinel
During the 51th epidemiological week (December 14-20, 2009), influenza
activity has decreased all except three prefectures (Fukushima, Yamanashi,
and Okinawa). Fukui Prefecture had the highest reported cases per sentinel
(43.22), followed by Miyazaki Prefecture (41.81), and Fukushima Prefecture
(38.99). Hokkaido had the lowest reported cases per sentinel (11.07), followed
by Tokyo Metropolitan (12.26), and Osaka Prefecture (16.26). For the details,
refer to the Map of ILI epidemic level at following URL (Japanese only)
In week 51, according to the School absenteeism surveillance report from
Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare (MHLW), 400 schools throughout the
nation have been suspended their all classes due to the influenza A (H1N1)
2009 outbreak in school. In addition, one or several grade was suspended
in 1,777 schools and 4,945 schools have suspended one or several individual
class with multiple infected students.
Figure 2. Trend for the number of closed class, grade or school and ILI surveillance
There were 363 reported hospitalization cases due to pandemic influenza
AH1pdm infection during December 16 to 22, according to MHLW. By age group,
the largest report (138 cases; 38% of all age) remained in the 5-9 year-olds,
followed by the 1-4 year-olds (96; 26%) and the 10-14 year-olds (38; 10%).
Acute encephalopathy was diagnosed in 11 cases (3%) and mechanical ventilator
was used in 18 (3%) among all inpatients.
As of December 22, 2009, cumulative number of the hospitalized cases was 13,784 (Cumulative number of the hospitalized case included case who has already hospitalized on July 28 and new inpatient case on July 29 or later.). Among the hospitalized case, 4,857 cases have some kind(s) of underlying disease, in which 3,131 cases (64%) have had chronic respiratory illness. Cumulative number of the death was 128. Of all fatal cases, 93 cases (73%) have underlying disease.
According to Infectious Agents Surveillance Report, most of the influenza
viruses detected/isolated from specimens of influenza cases during the
week 19 through 51 were AH1pdm (Figure 3).
Figure 3. Weekly reports of
influenza virus isolation/detection
* The number of sentinel clinics and hospitals is determined depending
on the relative population of the jurisdiction of each public health center
and on consideration enabling comprehend the incidents in the whole area
of the prefecture. The influenza sentinel points consist of approximately
3,000 pediatric hospitals/clinics and 1,800 internist hospitals/clinics
around the country.