|Organization & Functions|
The Infectious Disease Control Law was enacted in April 1999 in Japan. The Law strengthens infectious disease surveillance activity and supports national surveillance system. It indicates that collection and analysis of the information about infectious diseases and feedback and/or dissemination of them are necessary in infectious disease control and prevention. It also indicates that both disease surveillance and microbiological pathogen surveillance are the essential components for the strong infectious disease surveillance.
Infectious Disease Surveillance Center (IDSC) was established newly in 1997, expanding its responsibility and replacing former Division of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, and it has been designated as a National Infectious Disease Surveillance Center. In local or district level, it is encouraged to designate Local Infectious Disease Surveillance Centers. The main targets of our surveillance are category 1-5 infectious diseases prescribed in the Law. IDSC receives great support from district/local infectious disease surveillance centers to operate the national infectious disease surveillance.
Intelligence and Policy Planning Division (Division 1)
Intelligence and Policy Planning Division (IPPD) drafts plans for several infectious disease control policy issues and conducts epidemiological investigations of clusters, outbreaks, and abnormality accumulations of infectious diseases in regional, nationwide and international levels. IPPD division also conducts Field Epidemiology Training Program, Japan (FETP-J).
Surveillance and Information Division (Division 2)
Surveillance and Information Division (SID) collects and analyze national data on infectious diseases and microbes, and disseminate and/or feed back its results. SID division receives exceptional support and cooperation from district infectious disease surveillance centers, local public health institutes, and public health centers. The information is disseminated through our website (http://idsc.nih.go.jp/index.html), Infectious Disease Weekly Report (IDWR- distributed weekly basis through website), and Infectious Agents Surveillance Report (IASR- monthly basis by printing and home page). CD-ROM version is also distributed from SID division as "An Annual Data on Infectious Disease Surveillance in Japan". This information is widely provided to infectious disease and/or public health-related experts, medical care and/or the health administration personnel and general public.
Immunization Program Division (Division 3)
Immunization Program Division (IPD) routinely conducts sero-epidemiological studies of vaccine preventable diseases to investigate and monitor the sero-prevalence among Japanese population. Monitoring for adverse events associated with immunization, disseminating accurate information on the immunization practice, and conducting studies for effective immunization are also the role of IPD. National Serum Bank is also managed by this division.
Laboratory Diagnosis Division (Division 4)
Microbiological examinations for infectious (like) illnesses of unknown origin which are not of the responsibility of other Departments in NIID, are conducted by the Laboratory Diagnosis Division (LDD). The research studies for new identification technology development of microbes are also undertaken in LDD.
Division of Bacteriological Laboratory Training (Division 5)
Division of Bacteriological Laboratory Training (DBLT) performs collection and analysis of the information on bacterial diseases, and offers the results for general use. In cooperation with related organizations from in- and outside the country, DBLT supports works on the improvement and standardization of laboratory techniques and others of the bacteriological diagnosis in public health. Planning and execution of the training course in bacteriological diagnosis, research of the new detection, analysis, and diagnostic methods and more are run and offered by this division for the personnel of the public organizations engaged in public health.
Division of Virological Laboratory Training (Division 6)
Division of Virological Laboratory Training (DVLT) performs collection and analysis of the information on viral diseases, and offers the results for general use. DVLT also supports works on the improvement and standardization of laboratory techniques and others of the virological diagnosis in public health, cooperating with related organizations from in- and outside the country. Planning and execution of the training course in biological diagnosis, research of the new detection, analysis, and diagnostic methods and more are run and offered by this division for the personnel of the public organizations engaged in public health.